Monkey waiting to fall
This week we have a nice selection of Japanese proverbs, courtesy of Mitsuhito
Fujita, our friend (and wonderful Mightyverse engineer) in Japan. Fujita-san recited these
proverbs from memory, and they should be familiar to most native Japanese speakers. They
were recorded across from his office at Knowledgelink in the Akasaka prefecture
in Tokyo, on a very hot Summer day, with the sound of cicadas almost drowning his
Proverbs and idiomatic expressions have been shown to be some of the hardest aspects of
language for non-native speakers to learn. How often have you, or a friend mangled a
proverb to humorous effect in a language you don’t speak?
The study of proverbs is called “Paremiology” and is a rich area of research
for people studying language and the mind.
“Proverbs are found in many parts of the world, but some areas seem to have
richer stores of proverbs than others (such as West Africa), while others have
hardly any (North and South America) (Mieder 2004:108,109).
Proverbs are often borrowed across lines of language, religion, and even time. For
example, a proverb of the approximate form “No flies enter a mouth that is shut” is
currently found in Spain, Ethiopia, and many countries in between. It is embraced as
a true local proverb in many places and should not be excluded in any collection of
proverbs because it is shared by the neighbors. However, though it has gone through
multiple languages and millennia, the proverb can be traced back to an ancient
Babylonian proverb (Pritchard 1958:146).
Proverbs are used by speakers for a variety of purposes. Sometimes they are used as
a way of saying something gently, in a veiled way (Obeng 1996). Other times, they
are used to carry more weight in a discussion, a weak person is able to enlist the
tradition of the ancestors to support his position. Proverbs can also be used to
simply make a conversation/discussion more lively. In many parts of the world, the
use of proverbs is a mark of being a good orator.
The study of proverbs has application in a number of fields. Clearly, those who
study folklore and literature are interested in them, but scholars from a variety of
fields have found ways to profitably incorporate the study proverbs. For example,
they have been used to study abstract reasoning of children, acculturation of
immigrants, intelligence, the differing mental processes in mental illness, cultural
themes, etc. Proverbs have also been incorporated into the strategies of social
workers, teachers, preachers, and even politicians.”
We are excited to present this small selection of Japanese proverbs for people looking
for another entry point into Japanese culture and language.
Monkeys do fall from trees
how to say “Even monkeys fall from trees”